What are the Primitive Reflexes?

Primitive reflexes are movement patterns that appear in the developing child within the womb and into infancy and are believed to assist in the development of movement and coordination.  They are typically integrated into higher level controlled movement patterns as the infant develops during the first 6-12 months of life.  If a reflex has not done its job, so to speak, it can lead to difficulty controlling motor skills or be a sign that that those motor skills that they are charged with have not developed appropriately.  


    The primitive reflexes include:

  • Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (ATNR)
  • Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (STNR)
  • Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex (TLR)
  • Moro Reflex
  • Galant Reflex
  • Palmar Reflex
  • Babinski Reflex


When these reflexes do not integrate, they may interfere with the development of more advanced motor skills. (Please refer to next link for more information)