Visual Perception

Visual Perceptual Skills are defined as the ability to understand and make sense of what is seen.  Visual Perceptual Skills allow us to:

  • tell the difference between objects (visual discrimination)
  • see the sameness between objects
  • remember what we see (visual memory)
  • recognize an object in spite of it's position, color or size
  • pick out an object from surrounding clutter (visual figure ground)
  • combine the visual skills with the motor skills for drawing or writing (visual motor integration)
  • understand the position of objects in relation to oneself and/or other objects (spatial relationships)

  • identify a whole figure when only fragments are presented (visual closure)



   For more real life definitions and affects of visual perceptual deficits


A child with visual perceptual deficits may have difficulty:

  • recognizing correct positions of letters (reversals)
  • finding letters or numbers than are alike
  • placing letters on or between lines
  • spacing between letters or words
  • copying from the board
  • finding assignments on blackboard
  • visualizing letter or number formations
  • drawing simple pictures
  • staying next to the left margin on paper
  • understaind that a letter is the same even if it is positioned differently
  • locate a pen (or homework) in a messy desk




  • puzzles
  • block patterns and designs
  • "where's waldo" and "I Spy" games
  • teach child to "finger space" between words if right handed.  If left handed or finger spacing is too awkward a popsicle stick or strip of thick paper can be placed between words.
  • Have child use a highlighter between words until spacing becomes automatic
  • "flash cards" with shapes or letters to see how many child can recall in a row
  • "Memory" game
  • have child "play teacher" and correct work that is done with intentional spacing, reversal or letter formation errors.